Molecular biology


The classical genetics1 of the 1970s was the forerunner of modern molecular biology. Since its inception, molecular biology has been acknowledged as a paradigm shift in biotechnology. Today, the nucleotide sequence of entire genomes2 of several organisms has been determined. The first sequencing was completed on Haemophilus influenza in 1995, the number of organisms which have had their genomes sequenced since growing almost exponentially.3Certainly, the advances in molecular biology have transformed bioprocesses by inter alia broadening the spectrum of prospective bioproducts that can be produced and by increasing the potential of the organism for product accumulation. For this reason, it is expedient for the ...

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