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Building Construction Materials and Techniques by P.Purushothama Raj

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23

GROUND AND UPPER FLOORS

23.1 INTRODUCTION

Floors are the horizontal units of a building structure which divide the building into different levels. The purpose of separation or division is to create more accommodation within a restricted space one above the other for different purposes, viz., to provide support for the occupants, to allow space for furniture and equipment, etc. Strictly, the division of vertical occupation is called floors and the exposed top surfaces of floors are termed as floorings. But in usage, both the terms reflect the same meaning.

Thus the floor of a building immediately above the ground is known as ground floor. The construction below the ground level or the building has basement, the floor is termed as basement floor. ...

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