Chapter 2. Web Application Basics

Web applications evolved from Web sites or Web systems. The first Web sites, created by Tim Berners-Lee while at CERN (the European Laboratory for Particle Physics), formed a distributed hypermedia system that enabled researchers to have access directly from their computers to documents and information published by fellow researchers. Documents were accessed and viewed with a piece of software called a browser, a software application that runs on a client computer. With it, the user can request Web documents from other computers on the network and render the documents on the user's display. To view a document, the user must start the browser and enter the name of the document and the name of the host computer ...

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