Basic Motivation Concepts and Theories

  1. Objective 8-4 Identify and summarize the most important models and concepts of employee motivation.

Broadly defined, motivation is the set of forces that cause people to behave in certain ways. One worker may be motivated to work hard to produce as much as possible, whereas another may be motivated to do just enough to survive. Managers must understand these differences in behavior and the reasons for them.

Over the years, a steady progression of theories and studies has attempted to address these issues. In this section, we survey the major studies and theories of employee motivation. In particular, we focus on three approaches ...

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