Transformations are schema objects, and a very powerful tool that MicroStrategy offers to modify the results of a metric, think about the classic "this month versus previous month" report. But it's not only that. Normally, when the SQL statement is generated, the fact table is joined to the dimension tables using the ID forms of the attributes on the grid.
The transformation allows altering the join path between fact and dimension by introducing an extra step. This extra step could be a helper table, or could be a calculation. Think about the
SalesAmount in the
FactResellerSales table: when we join the fact to the
DimDate table on the
OrderDateKey, we get the amount of sales for that particular ...