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Business Intelligence by Jerzy Surma

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1.2. BI as an Autonomous Discipline

In the 1980s, business applications became so advanced that a separate discipline of designing and creating databases for business decision support emerged. So-called data warehouses3 and specialist toolsets appeared. Although the term “business intelligence” was first used in 1958 in a paper for IBM Journal,4 a new sense was imparted to it by Howard Dresner from the Gartner company in 1988. Having analyzed the information technology (IT) market, he referred to business intelligence as to a kind of “umbrella” that covers numerous methods, technologies, and applications oriented to real business decision support in an enterprise:5

Business Intelligence is a user-oriented process of gathering, exploring, interpreting ...

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