Obtaining the First Value from the User

Line 13

std::cout << "Enter first integer: "; // prompt user for data

displays Enter first integer: followed by a space. This message is called a prompt because it directs the user to take a specific action. We like to pronounce the preceding statement as “std::cout gets the string "Enter first integer: ".” Line 14

std::cin >> number1; // read first integer from user into number1

uses the standard input stream object cin (of namespace std) and the stream extraction operator, >>, to obtain a value from the keyboard. Using the stream extraction operator with std::cin takes character input from the standard input stream, which is usually the keyboard. We like to pronounce the preceding statement as, “ ...

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