How Headers Are Located
Notice that the name of the
GradeBook.h header in line 4 of Fig. 3.10 is enclosed in quotes (
" ") rather than angle brackets (
< >). Normally, a program’s source-code files and user-defined headers are placed in the same directory. When the preprocessor encounters a header name in quotes, it attempts to locate the header in the same directory as the file in which the
#include directive appears. If the preprocessor cannot find the header in that directory, it searches for it in the same location(s) as the C++ Standard Library headers. When the preprocessor encounters a header name in angle brackets (e.g.,
<iostream>), it assumes that the header is part of the C++ Standard Library and does not look in the directory of the ...