13.10. Wrap-Up

This chapter summarized how C++ performs input/output using streams. You learned about the stream-I/O classes and objects, as well as the stream I/O template class hierarchy. We discussed ostream’s formatted and unformatted output capabilities performed by the put and write functions. You learned about istream’s formatted and unformatted input capabilities performed by the eof, get, getline, peek, putback, ignore and read functions. We discussed stream manipulators and member functions that perform formatting tasks—dec, oct, hex and setbase for displaying integers; precision and setprecision for controlling floating-point precision; and width and setw for setting field width. You also learned additional formatting iostream manipulators ...

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