16.4. Function Objects
Many Standard Library algorithms allow you to pass a function pointer into the algorithm to help the algorithm perform its task. For example, the
binary_search algorithm that we discussed in Section 16.3.6 is overloaded with a version that requires as its fourth parameter a function pointer that takes two arguments and returns a
bool value. The algorithm uses this function to compare the search key to an element in the collection. The function returns
true if the search key and element being compared are equal; otherwise, the function returns
false. This enables
binary_search to search a collection of elements for which the element type does not provide an overloaded equality
Any algorithm that can receive ...