What was the source of the 2011 outbreak of Escherichia coli in Germany and France?

L.D. Goodridge,     Colorado State University, USA

J.T. LeJeune,     The Ohio State University, USA

L. Beutin,     Bundesinstitut fűr Risikobewertung (BfR), Germany


Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O104:H4 is a very rare cause of foodborne illness. In the European Union, sporadic cases have been previously linked to travel to North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia. In Europe there have been cases of STEC O104:H21, which have led to the identification of cattle as an animal reservoir of this pathogen. In North America, an outbreak of STEC O104:H21 was linked to consumption of milk contaminated post-pasteurization. This case ...

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