In Cassandra terminology, the start of the hash range is called a token, and until version 1.2, each node was assigned a single token in the manner discussed in the previous section. Version 1.2 introduced the option to use vnodes, as the feature is officially termed. vnodes became the default option in the 2.0 release.
Cassandra determines where to place data using the tokens assigned to each node. Nodes learn about these token assignments via gossip. Additional replicas are then placed based on the configured replication strategy and snitch. More details about replica placement can be found in Chapter 3, Replication.
Manually assigned tokens
If you're running a version prior to 1.2 or if you have chosen not to use vnodes, you will ...