Understand the term frame tagging. Frame tagging refers to VLAN identification; this is what switches use to keep track of all those frames as they’re traversing a switch fabric. It’s how switches identify which frames belong to which VLANs.
Understand the ISL VLAN identification method. Inter-Switch Link (ISL) is a way of explicitly tagging VLAN information onto an Ethernet frame. This tagging information allows VLANs to be multiplexed over a trunk link through an external encapsulation method, which allows the switch to identify the VLAN membership of a frame over the link. ISL is a Cisco-proprietary frame-tagging method that can be used only with Cisco switches and routers.
Understand the 802.1Q VLAN identification method. ...