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CCNA® Cisco Certified Network Associate: Study Guide, Seventh Edition by Todd Lammle

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Exam Essentials

Understand the term frame tagging. Frame tagging refers to VLAN identification; this is what switches use to keep track of all those frames as they’re traversing a switch fabric. It’s how switches identify which frames belong to which VLANs.

Understand the ISL VLAN identification method. Inter-Switch Link (ISL) is a way of explicitly tagging VLAN information onto an Ethernet frame. This tagging information allows VLANs to be multiplexed over a trunk link through an external encapsulation method, which allows the switch to identify the VLAN membership of a frame over the link. ISL is a Cisco-proprietary frame-tagging method that can be used only with Cisco switches and routers.

Understand the 802.1Q VLAN identification method. ...

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