Chapter 11 AN IMAGE CONFLICT IN MATHEMATICS AFTER 1945*
Amy Dahan Dalmedico
Was World War II an important rupture for twentieth century mathematics? According to the traditional historiography of mathematics, it may seem surprising to assign a status that is a priori epistemological to such a political event, however major it may have been. No historical event has hitherto been submitted to such an appraisal. What does it mean to confront mathematics and its development with a precise historical moment that is above all characterized by its political dimensions? A special topic in the work of several historians of science, the period of the French Revolution has similarly been studied, mostly in regard to the transformation ...