Scattering techniques for structural analysis of biomaterials

N. Sanjeeva Murthy,     Rutgers University, USA


Biomaterials often exhibit structures at multiple length scales that influence the chemical, physical, mechanical and biological properties of a material. This chapter discusses techniques used to determine these structures: light scattering for the determination of particle sizes ~ 0.1 μm; wide-angle X-ray scattering for analyzing the molecular structure, crystallinity and morphology in the solid state ( ~1 nm); small-angle X-ray scattering for obtaining structural information at mesoscale (10 nm) to determine lamellar structure and phase behavior in the solid state, and size and aggregation behavior of particles in solution; ...

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