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Characterization of Ceramics by Ronald Loehman

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4

Consolidation of Ceramic Thick Films

TERRY J. GARINO

Contents

4.1   Introduction

4.2   Thick Film Processing

4.3   Characterization of Ceramic Thick Film Consolidation

4.4   Summary

4.1   Introduction

Films of ceramic materials are generally divided into two groups: thick films and thin films. These categories differ not only in film thickness but also in the ways they are fabricated. From 10 to greater than 100 μm thick, thick films are made by processes analogous to those generally used to make bulk ceramics: forming a ceramic powder into a desired shape and then heating to sinter the particles together to produce a dense ceramic. Thin films are 0.1–10 μm thick and are made by vacuum techniques such as sputtering and evaporation, chemical ...

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