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Chemical Sensors: Simulation and Modeling Volume 2: Conductometric-Type Sensors by Ghenadii Korotcenkov

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CHAPTER 12

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MODELING AND SIMULATION OF NANOWIRE-BASED FIELD-EFFECT BIOSENSORS

S. Baumgartner

M. Vasicek

C. Heitzinger

1. INTRODUCTION

The digital revolution was initiated by the invention of the field-effect transistor (FET), for which Shockley, Bardeen, and Brattain were jointly awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics. Semiconductor transistors and microchips have deeply influenced human society. Also, the invention of the first biosensor for blood analysis, invented by Clark and Lyons more than 10 years later, had a life-changing effect (Clark and Lyons 1962). Another eight years later, these two technologies were merged as Bergveld introduced ...

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