Acids and Bases
Simply knowing the concentration of an acid or base is often insufficient to understand its actions. The pH relates to the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution, and the pOH relates to the concentration of the hydroxide ions in the solution. Acids and bases may be strong or weak. There are only a few strong acids and bases, and calculations involving them are always simpler than calculations involving weak acids or bases. A buffer solution provides a means to control the pH of a solution.
The Problems You’ll Work On
In this chapter, you work with acids and bases in the following ways:
Describing acids and bases
Identifying conjugate acids and conjugate bases
Determining pH and pOH for strong and weak acid or base solutions
Doing stoichiometry of titrations
Completing buffer problems
Note: See the Appendix if you need to check the periodic table.
What to Watch Out For
Remember the following when working on acids and bases:
Know the strong acids and ...