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Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorder by Amanda Guld Fisher, Jessica Glass Kendorski

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CHAPTER 1

Description and Diagnosis

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a diverse neurological disorder that presents during childhood. The complexity of this disorder, spectrum of characteristics and severity, combined with a large amount of unknown information, make for a complicated disorder to diagnose and treat. This chapter will discuss the current accepted diagnostic criteria, history, prevalence, and comorbidity, as well as some of the intricacies involved in this unique disorder.

Diagnosis

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), as it is officially referred in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM 5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013), has long been a disorder that science and society has sought ...

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