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Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorder by Amanda Guld Fisher, Jessica Glass Kendorski

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CHAPTER 2

Conceptualization

Etiology

Currently, extensive research from varying scientific disciplines is being conducted on the causes of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). While evidence for a single cause to ASD is lacking, a combination of genetic, biological, and environmental influences have been implicated. Namely, certain risk factors have been identified through their frequency of co-occurrence with ASD. It should be noted that the majority of the research is correlational, that is, these factors tend to co-occur with ASD, but a causal relationship between the two has not been found. Additionally, which specific genetic, biological, and environmental influences increase the risk of ASD and in which combination is not yet known (Grafodatskaya ...

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