3-2. Configuring Routing

A firewall is a Layer 3 device, even though it inspects packets at many layers. Packets are forwarded based on their Layer 3 destination IP addresses, so the firewall must know how to reach the various destination IP networks. (This is true unless a firewall is configured for transparent firewall mode, where it operates only on Layer 2 information.)

A firewall knows about the subnets directly connected to each of its interfaces. These are shown as routes with a CONNECT (PIX 6.3) or directly connected (PIX 7.x) identifier in output from the show route command.

To exchange packets with subnets not directly connected, a firewall needs additional routing information from one of the following sources:

  • Static routes (manually ...

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