Cryptography is the science of protecting information by encoding it into an unreadable format.
The most famous rotor encryption machine is the Enigma used by the Germans in WWII.
A readable message is in a form called plaintext, and once it is encrypted, it is in a form called ciphertext.
Cryptographic algorithms are the mathematical rules that dictate the functions of enciphering and deciphering.
Cryptanalysis is the study of breaking cryptosystems.
Nonrepudiation is a service that ensures the sender cannot later falsely deny sending a message.
Key clustering is an instance in which two different keys generate the same ciphertext from the same plaintext.
The range of possible keys is referred to as the keyspace. A larger keyspace and the ...