Privacy is becoming more threatened as the world relies more and more on technology. In response, countries have enacted privacy laws. For example, although the United States already had the Federal Privacy Act of 1974, it has enacted new laws, such as the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), in response to an increased need to protect personal privacy information.

The Federal Privacy Act was put into place to protect U.S. citizens’ sensitive information that is collected by government agencies. It states that any data collected must be done in a fair and lawful manner. The data are to be used only for the purposes for which they were collected and held only for a reasonable ...

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