Defining Disastrous Events
An amazing variety of disasters can beset an organization’s business operations. They fall into two main categories: natural and man-made.
After reading the following sections, you should no longer be skeptical about the need for Business Continuity Planning and Disaster Recovery Planning.
Regardless of whether a disaster is natural or man-made, a disaster can disrupt business operations. We discuss how in the section “How disasters affect businesses,” later in this chapter.
In many cases, formal methodologies are used to predict the likelihood of a particular disaster. For example, 50-year flood plain is a term that you’ve probably heard to describe the maximum physical limits of a river flood that’s likely to occur once in a 50-year period. The likelihood of each of the following disasters depends greatly on local and regional geography:
Fires and explosions
Storms (snow, ice, hail, prolonged rain, wind, dust, solar)
Hurricanes, typhoons, and cyclones
Volcanoes and lava flows