Site and Facility Design Considerations
Astute organizations involve security professionals during the design, planning, and construction of new or renovated locations and facilities. Proper site- and facility-requirements planning during the early stages of construction helps ensure that a new building or data center is adequate, safe, and secure — all of which can help an organization avoid costly situations later.
The principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) have been widely adopted by security practitioners in the design of public and private buildings, offices, communities, and campuses since CPTED was first published in 1971. CPTED focuses on designing facilities by using techniques such as unobstructed areas, creative lighting, and functional landscaping, which help to naturally deter crime through positive psychological effects. By making it difficult for a criminal to hide, gain access to a facility, escape a location, or otherwise perpetrate an illegal and/or violent act, such techniques may cause a would-be criminal to decide against attacking a target or victim, and help to create an environment that’s perceived as (and that actually is) safer for legitimate people who regularly use the area. CPTED is comprised of three basic strategies:
Natural access control: Uses security zones (or defensible space) to limit or restrict movement and differentiate ...