As cryptography is based on algorithms and the keys that operate on them, types of encryption or decryption are based on these two factors (algorithms and keys). There are three types of encryption that are predominantly used in government as well as business.
In this type, only one key is used. The name "symmetric" implies that the key used for encryption as well as for decryption, is the same. This type of encryption is also known as Secret Key Cryptography (SKC).
Symmetric key encryption is categorized into two types based on the algorithm used.
If the algorithm that is used operates on a single bit or byte, or computer word such that the key is changed constantly, it is called stream cipher. For ...