Legal, Regulations, Investigations, and Compliance


  1. Computer fraud is discouraged by:
    1. Willingness to prosecute
    2. Ostracizing whistle blowers
    3. Overlooking inefficiencies in the judicial system
    4. Accepting the lack of integrity in the system

    1. a. Willingness to prosecute sends a strong message to potential perpetrators, which could discourage computer fraud. Situational pressures (e.g., gambling and drugs), opportunities to commit fraud (e.g., weak system of controls), and personal characteristics (e.g., lack of integrity and honesty) are major causes of fraud, whether or not computer related. There is nothing new about the act of committing fraud. There is perhaps no new way to commit fraud because someone somewhere has already tried it. The other three choices encourage computer fraud.

  2. When computers and peripheral equipment are seized in relation to a computer crime, what is it is an example of?
    1. Duplicate evidence
    2. Physical evidence
    3. Best evidence
    4. Collateral evidence

    2. d. Collateral evidence is evidence relevant only to some evidential fact, and that is not by itself relevant to a consequential fact. Here, computers and peripheral equipment are examples of collateral evidence because they are a part of the crime scene, not a crime by themselves.

    Duplicate evidence is a document that is produced by some mechanical process that makes it more reliable evidence of the contents of the original than other forms of secondary evidence ...

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