Liberal Theories of Citizenship
Without free, self-respecting, and autonomous (persons) citizens, there can be no free and independent nations ….
Vaclav Havel (b. 1936), former President of the Czech Republic
Have you ever wondered why citizenship theories have been a victim of academic apathy? Theorizing citizenship was a forgotten venture in political philosophy. There was a long intellectual silence on citizenship after Aristotle and that silence was broken only in 1950 with Marshall's celebrated essay, ‘Citizenship and Social Class’. J. M. Barbalet goes to the extent of saying that there is nothing that could be described as a theory of citizenship at all. Take a look at the trajectory of post-World War II political ...