Dependency management

Loading JavaScript within the context of a single web page used to be simple. We could simply place a couple of <script> tags somewhere within the document's source and call it a day.

Over the years, however, the complexity of our JavaScript has grown tremendously, alongside the demands of our users. Alongside this, our code bases have grown as well. It was, for a period, natural to just keep adding more and more <script> tags. At a certain point, though, this approach falters. Apart from the burden of multiple HTTP requests being made on every page load, this approach also made it hard for programmers to juggle their dependencies. JavaScript was typical, in those days, to spend time carefully ordering <script> placements ...

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