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Clean Energy for Sustainable Development

Book Description

Clean Energy for Sustainable Development: Comparisons and Contrasts of New Approaches presents information on the fundamental challenge that the energy sector faces with regard to meeting the ever growing demand for sustainable, efficient, and cleaner energy. The book compares recent developments in the field of energy technology, clean and low emission energy, and energy efficiency and environmental sustainability for industry and academia.

Rasul, Azad and Sharma, along with their team of expert contributors, provide high-end research findings on relevant industry themes, including clean and sustainable energy sources and technologies, renewable energy technologies and their applications, biomass and biofuels for sustainable environment, energy system and efficiency improvement, solar thermal applications, and the environmental impacts of sustainable energy systems.

This book uses global institutes and case studies to explore and analyze technological advancements alongside practical applications. This approach helps readers to develop and affirm a better understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions necessary to achieve clean energy and sustainable development in both medium and large-scale industries.

  • Compares in-depth research on a wide range of clean technologies, from global institutes in Australia, Europe, and India
  • Evaluates the recent developments in clean technologies against the efficiency of tried and tested applications
  • Considers case studies on the advancements of sustainable energy into industry from around the world

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of Contributors
  6. About the Editors
  7. Preface
  8. Section One. Clean and Sustainable Energy Resources and Technologies
    1. Chapter One. Sustainable Energy Resources: Prospects and Policy
      1. 1.1. Introduction
      2. 1.2. Fossil Fuels
      3. 1.3. Nuclear Energy
      4. 1.4. Renewable Energy
      5. 1.5. Prospects and Policies for Renewable Energy
      6. 1.6. Discussion
      7. Glossary
    2. Chapter Two. Environmental Impact Assessment of Different Renewable Energy Resources: A Recent Development
      1. 2.1. Introduction
      2. 2.2. Life Cycle Assessment of Solar Photovoltaic System
      3. 2.3. Life Cycle Assessment of Wind Energy System
      4. 2.4. Life Cycle Assessment of Biofuels
      5. 2.5. Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas
      6. 2.6. Life Cycle Assessment of Hydropower Plants
      7. 2.7. Life Cycle Assessment of Geothermal Power Plants
      8. 2.8. Comparison With Conventional Systems
      9. 2.9. Conclusions
    3. Chapter Three. Clean and Sustainable Energy Technologies
      1. 3.1. Introduction
      2. 3.2. Biomass
      3. 3.3. Solar Power
      4. 3.4. Wind Power
      5. 3.5. Hydropower
      6. 3.6. Future Prospects and Challenges for Renewable Energy Technologies
    4. Chapter Four. Bioenergy With Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS): Future Prospects of Carbon-Negative Technologies
      1. 4.1. Introduction
      2. 4.2. Carbon-Negative Technologies
      3. 4.3. Carbon-Negative Biofuels
      4. 4.4. Biofuel Conversion Technologies
      5. 4.5. CO2 Capture and Storage
      6. 4.6. Biological CO2 Fixation
      7. 4.7. Microalgae Cultivation Technology
      8. 4.8. Microalgae Hybrid Technologies
      9. 4.9. The Economic Potential for BECCS
      10. 4.10. Discussion and Challenges for BECCS
      11. 4.11. Conclusions
  9. Section Two. Solar Energy Applications
    1. Chapter Five. Solar Kilns: A Green Technology for the Australian Agricultural and Forest Industries
      1. 5.1. Introduction
      2. 5.2. Significance and Scope of Solar Drying in Australia
      3. 5.3. Significance and Benefits of Solar Kilns
      4. 5.4. Performance Evaluation and Selection of Solar Kilns—An Innovative Approach
      5. 5.5. Results and Discussion
      6. 5.6. Conclusions
      7. Nomenclature
    2. Chapter Six. Small-Scale Dish-Mounted Solar Thermal Brayton Cycle
      1. 6.1. Introduction
      2. 6.2. Solar Collector and Receiver
      3. 6.3. The Tubular Open-Cavity Receiver
      4. 6.4. Recuperator
      5. 6.5. Turbocharger as Microturbine
      6. 6.6. Optimization and Methodology
      7. 6.7. Results
      8. 6.8. Remaining Challenges and Future Possibilities
      9. 6.9. Conclusion and Recommendations
      10. Nomenclature
    3. Chapter Seven. Heat-Driven Cooling Technologies
      1. 7.1. Introduction
      2. 7.2. Heat-Driven Air Conditioning
      3. 7.3. Desiccant Wheel
      4. 7.4. Conclusions
    4. Chapter Eight. Solar Pyrolysis: Converting Waste Into Asset Using Solar Energy
      1. 8.1. Introduction
      2. 8.2. History of Pyrolysis
      3. 8.3. Challenges of Existing Pyrolysis Systems
      4. 8.4. Heating of Pyrolysis Reactor
      5. 8.5. Solar Heating Approach
      6. 8.6. Integration of Solar Energy With Pyrolysis
      7. 8.7. Current Research and Application of Solar Pyrolysis
      8. 8.8. Considerations for Feasibility of Solar Pyrolysis
      9. 8.9. Challenges in Solar Pyrolysis
      10. 8.10. Future Scope of Solar Pyrolysis
      11. 8.11. Concluding Remarks
  10. Section Three. Wind Energy Systems
    1. Chapter Nine. Grid Integration of Wind Energy Systems: Control Design, Stability, and Power Quality Issues
      1. 9.1. Introduction
      2. 9.2. Wind Turbine Technologies
      3. 9.3. Generator Types in the Wind Energy Conversion Systems
      4. 9.4. Converter Topologies and Modulation Techniques
      5. 9.5. Control Design
      6. 9.6. Stability and Power Quality Studies
      7. 9.7. Discussions and Conclusions
      8. Appendix
      9. Nomenclature
    2. Chapter Ten. The Hybrid Solar Power/Wind System for Energy Production, Observation, Application, and Simulation
      1. 10.1. Introduction
      2. 10.2. Hybrid Solar/Wind Energy Systems
      3. 10.3. Hybrid Controllers for Solar and Wind Energy Systems
      4. 10.4. Hybrid Solar/Wind Energy Application
      5. 10.5. Current Trends
      6. 10.6. Conclusion
      7. Nomenclature
    3. Chapter Eleven. Study on Wind Energy Potential by Eight Numerical Methods of Weibull Distribution
      1. 11.1. Introduction
      2. 11.2. Outline of Methodology
      3. 11.3. Results and Discussion
      4. 11.4. Conclusions
      5. Nomenclature
  11. Section Four. Biodiesel for Sustainable Development
    1. Chapter Twelve. Prospect of the Legume Tree Pongamia pinnata as a Clean and Sustainable Biodiesel Feedstock
      1. 12.1. Introduction
      2. 12.2. Pongamia As Prospective Feedstock Candidate
      3. 12.3. Pongamia Improvement Program
      4. 12.4. Quality Analysis and Advantages of Pongamia Oil for Biodiesel
      5. 12.5. Conclusion
    2. Chapter Thirteen. Biodiesel From Queensland Bush Nut (Macadamia integrifolia)
      1. 13.1. Introduction
      2. 13.2. Materials and Methods
      3. 13.3. Biodiesel Conversion Steps
      4. 13.4. Results and Discussions
      5. 13.5. Conclusions
      6. List of Abbreviations
    3. Chapter Fourteen. Assessment of Physical, Chemical, and Tribological Properties of Different Biodiesel Fuels
      1. 14.1. Introduction
      2. 14.2. Materials
      3. 14.3. Results and Discussion
      4. 14.4. Conclusions
    4. Chapter Fifteen. Biodiesel Production Through Chemical and Biochemical Transesterification: Trends, Technicalities, and Future Perspectives
      1. 15.1. Background
      2. 15.2. Biodiesel as Sustainable Fuel
      3. 15.3. Strategies to Minimize Viscosity of Vegetable Oil
      4. 15.4. Feedstock for Biodiesel Production
      5. 15.5. Chemical Transesterification Reactions
      6. 15.6. Biochemical/Enzymatic Transesterification Reactions
      7. 15.7. Response Surface Methodology as Imperative Tool for Biodiesel Optimization
      8. 15.8. Analytical Methods for Biodiesel Characterization
      9. 15.9. Fuel Properties and Exhaust Emissions of Biodiesel
      10. 15.10. Future Perspectives of Biodiesel Production
      11. 15.11. Conclusion and Recommendations
    5. Chapter Sixteen. Mesoporous Catalysts for Biodiesel Production: A New Approach
      1. 16.1. Introduction
      2. 16.2. Biodiesel
      3. 16.3. Catalysts
      4. 16.4. Porous Materials
      5. 16.5. Various Types of Mesoporous Catalysts
      6. 16.6. Application of Mesoporous Materials
      7. 16.7. Performance of the Mesoporous Catalyst
      8. 16.8. The Diffusion Process of the Reactants Into Mesopore Channels
      9. 16.9. Surface Modifications
      10. 16.10. The Effect of Mesoporous Catalyst on Transesterification Reaction
      11. 16.11. Conclusion and Recommendation
      12. Nomenclature/Abbreviation
    6. Chapter Seventeen. Edible and Nonedible Biodiesel Feedstocks: Microalgae and Future of Biodiesel
      1. 17.1. Introduction
      2. 17.2. Biodiesel Feedstocks
      3. 17.3. Biodiesel Research Methodology
      4. 17.4. Oil Extraction
      5. 17.5. Analysis of Physicochemical Properties
      6. 17.6. Biodiesel Production
      7. 17.7. Determination of Fatty Oil Composition
      8. 17.8. Prediction of Properties of Blends
      9. 17.9. Engine and Emissions Tests
      10. 17.10. Importance of Statistical and Uncertainty Analysis
      11. 17.11. Effects of Additives on Biodiesel Quality
      12. 17.12. Different Types of Algae Cultures for Biodiesel Production
      13. 17.13. Algae Growth on Wastewater for Biodiesel Production
      14. 17.14. Microalgal Potential for Biodiesel Production
      15. 17.15. Advantage of Biodiesel Over Higher Plants
      16. 17.16. Algae Culture Conditions and Biodiesel Production
      17. 17.17. Future
      18. 17.18. Conclusion
    7. Chapter Eighteen. Potential of Biodiesel as Fuel for Diesel Engine
      1. 18.1. Introduction
      2. 18.2. Diesel Engine
      3. 18.3. Biodiesel Fuel
      4. 18.4. Biodiesel Production Procedure
      5. 18.5. Biodiesel Production Technologies: Transesterification Method
      6. 18.6. Biodiesel Fuel Standardization
      7. 18.7. Potential of Biodiesel
      8. 18.8. Biodiesel Fuel Blending
      9. 18.9. Biodiesel Fuel Additive
      10. 18.10. Conclusions
      11. Appendices
  12. Index