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Clinical Nutrition For Dummies by Michael Rovito

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Chapter 8

Discussing Diabetes

In This Chapter

arrow Differentiating between the types of diabetes

arrow Outlining risk factors that can lead to the disease

arrow Discovering dietary measures to help prevent and treat diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to simply as diabetes, is a very serious disease that seems to be getting more prevalent, not only in the industrialized, developed world, but globally as well. Theories abound regarding why the incidence and prevalence of the disease are increasing and pinpoint everything from genetics as the culprit to high-fructose corn syrup.

In this chapter, I explore what diabetes is, explain the factors that put you at risk for the disease, and look at what dietary patterns you can adopt to help keep this disease at bay.

Outlining the Physiology of the Disease

To understand what diabetes actually is, you need to understand some basic human physiology first. Specifically, you need to be familiar with blood glucose and insulin and how these two substances interact in the body.

Gaining insight on blood glucose

The body desires carbohydrates for energy. Glucose is the foundational unit of carbohydrates and the principal sugar your body burns for energy. ...

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