A sine is a trigonometric function of an angle of a right triangle. The sine (of an angle) is the ratio of the opposite side's length to the length of the hypotenuse (the longest side of the triangle).

A sine wave is a repetitive oscillating graph of the sine function. Therefore, as the function of the angle changes (usually by a clockwise rotation of the hypotenuse), the resulting *y* value follows. It provides a natural upward and downward wave that we're looking for:

It's specific equation is as follows. Let's take a closer look at it and its derivation:

f(x) = a sin (b(x − c)) + d

y = a sin (b(x − c)) + d

y = a sin (b(x − Pi/2)) + d

The ...

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