11Cloud Continuum in Vehicular Networks

Vehicular networks are a rapidly developing environment. The transition to reality is close and will become a reality with the autonomy of vehicles that will need to interconnect to talk to each other and make decisions together. In fact, three types of vehicular networks will be superimposed: the control network that allows the automation of driving, the passenger data network knowing that the driver will become a passenger himself and finally the manufacturer’s network whose objective is to follow the lifecycle of the vehicle, to carry out maintenance and to make repairs, sometimes while driving, following a breakdown diagnosis.

The debate to choose the components of these vehicular networks is great because the market is huge. Numerous solutions are being developed, sometimes complementary and sometimes competing. Globally, we can say that three solutions are confronting each other for the vehicle interconnection part. The first is the use of networks connecting vehicles directly without using a large antenna. This solution is illustrated in Figure 11.1.

A diagram for vehicle communication, demonstrating the use of visible light and radio leader for uninterrupted connectivity.

Figure 11.1. Communication between vehicles: V2V.

The second solution comes from 5G because of its mission critical property which has the possibility of having latencies of the order of 1 ms. This solution requires data to pass through the antenna to access a server. Figure 11.2 ...

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