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Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate

Book Description

Existing coastal management and defense approaches are not well suited to meet the challenges of climate change and related uncertanities. Professionals in this field need a more dynamic, systematic and multidisciplinary approach. Written by an international group of experts, Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate provides innovative, multidisciplinary best practices for mitigating the effects of climate change on coastal structures. Based on the Theseus program, the book includes eight study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located.

  • Integrated risk assessment tools for considering the effects of climate change and related uncertainties
  • Presents latest insights on coastal engineering defenses
  • Provides integrated guidelines for setting up optimal mitigation measures
  • Provides directly applicable tools for the design of mitigation measures
  • Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal mitigation

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Acknowledgments
  6. List of Contributors
  7. Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1. Background
    2. 1.2. THESEUS Project
    3. 1.3. This Book
  8. Chapter 2. Developing a Holistic Approach to Assessing and Managing Coastal Flood Risk
    1. 2.1. Introduction
    2. 2.2. Flood Nomenclature: Vulnerability, Risk, and Resilience
    3. 2.3. Describing the Coastal Flood System: The Source-Pathway-Receptor-Consequence Model
    4. 2.4. Assessment of Existing Flood Management
    5. 2.5. Flood Damage
    6. 2.6. The Social Context of Flooding at the Coast
    7. 2.7. Coastal Habitats Within the Flood System
    8. 2.8. The Physical Context of Flooding at the Coast
    9. 2.9. Handling Uncertainty
    10. 2.10. Capturing Future Changes
    11. 2.11. Conclusions
  9. Chapter 3. Innovative Engineering Solutions and Best Practices to Mitigate Coastal Risk
    1. 3.1. Introduction
    2. 3.2. Floating Breakwaters and Wave Energy Converters
    3. 3.3. Innovative Submerged Structures
    4. 3.4. Overtopping Resistance of Grass-covered Landward Slopes of Dikes
    5. 3.5. Upgrade of Conventional Rubble Mound Breakwaters and Revetments
    6. 3.6. Management of Sediment Resources
    7. 3.7. Conclusions
  10. Chapter 4. Ecological Approaches to Coastal Risk Mitigation
    1. 4.1. Introduction
    2. 4.2. Management of Sandy Habitats: Sandy Beaches to Sand Dunes
    3. 4.3. Management of Saltmarsh Habitats
    4. 4.4. Management of Biogenic Reefs
    5. 4.5. Management of Seagrass Meadows
    6. 4.6. Ecological Design Considerations for Hard Structures
    7. 4.7. Interaction of Multiple Stressors in the Coastal Zone
    8. 4.8. Conclusions
  11. Chapter 5. Nonstructural Approaches to Coastal Risk Mitigations
    1. 5.1. Introduction
    2. 5.2. Insurance
    3. 5.3. Spatial (Land Use) Planning
    4. 5.4. Business Continuity Planning
    5. 5.5. Postflood Recovery, Vulnerability, and Resilience
    6. 5.6. Risk Communications at the Crossroads of Vulnerability Reduction and Resilience Enhancement
    7. 5.7. Evacuation Plans
    8. 5.8. Conclusions
  12. Chapter 6. Toward Sustainable Decision Making
    1. 6.1. Introduction
    2. 6.2. Efficiency, Equity, and Sustainability of Mitigation Options
    3. 6.3. Evaluation of Mitigation Options
    4. 6.4. Legislative Constraints
    5. 6.5. Decision Making
    6. 6.6. Decision Support Systems
    7. 6.7. Conclusions
  13. Chapter 7. Case Studies Worldwide
    1. 7.0. Introduction
    2. 7.1. Extreme Estuarine Water Levels and Channel Morphology, Effect on Flood Extents and Habitat Resilience: The Scheldt Estuary, Belgium and the Netherlands
    3. 7.2. Mitigating Flood and Erosion Risk using Sediment Management for a Tourist City: Varna, Bulgaria
    4. 7.3. Coastal Wetlands in the Yangtze Estuary, China
    5. 7.4. Managing Risk in a Large Flood System, the Gironde Estuary, France
    6. 7.5. Flood Hazard Mitigation in a Heavily Modified Estuary, the Elbe Estuary, Germany
    7. 7.6. Risk Assessment and Mitigation in a Low-lying Coastal Area: Cesenatico, Northern Italy
    8. 7.7. Balancing Flood and Erosion Risk with Landscape Sustainability: Cancun, Mexico
    9. 7.8. Flood and Erosion Management on a Dynamic Spit: the Hel Peninsula, Poland
    10. 7.9. Flooding and Erosion Risk Analysis in Santander Bay, Spain
    11. 7.10. Teign Estuary, South Devon, UK: Stakeholder-Led Mitigation
  14. Index