Chapter 1


Barbara Zanuttigh1, Robert Nicholls2,  and Susan Hanson2     1Department of Civil, Chemicals, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna (UniBo), Bologna, Italy     2Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton (Soton), Southampton, BJ, UK


Coastal areas are important settlement zones and play a vital role in the wealth of many nations. Nearly 25% of the world's population lives within 62 miles (100 km) of a shoreline. Roughly 600 million people live in coastal regions that are less than 10 m above sea level, and this figure is likely to increase more rapidly (up to 50% over the next 25 years) than global population projections, reflecting coastal urbanization. Many of the ...

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