Seagrasses (Figure 4.8
) are marine flowering plants distributed along temperate and tropical coastlines, where they have the potential to provide coastal protection (Short et al., 2011
). Because of this ecosystem service, the development and reinforcement of seagrass habitats can be considered an adaptation measure against climate change (Borsje et al., 2011
; Zanuttigh, 2011
). From a coastal defense perspective, seagrass meadows can act as a buffer from the impacts of climate change because of their capacity to attenuate waves, reduce current velocities, and promote sediment stabilization (Koch et al., 2009
; Orth et al., 2006
; Whanpetch et al., 2010
). The coastal protection provided by seagrass ...