Causing the future
‘Present events are connected with preceding ones by a tie based upon the evident principle that a thing cannot occur without a cause which produces it… We ought then to regard the present state of the universe as the effect of its anterior state and as the cause of the one which is to follow… The regularity which astronomy shows us in the movements of the comets doubtless exists also in all phenomena.’
Pierre-Simon Laplace, A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities (1814)
To decode the future is to analyse the total effect of all the influential causes that produce it. The future may be more accurately anticipated by following closely the causes which underlie its processes of change.
In Figure 6, causation was seen as the ...