Cycles of time
‘When we turn our attention from social disintegration to social growth, we shall recollect our finding … that growth, like disintegration, exhibits a cyclically rhythmic movement. Growth takes place whenever a challenge evokes a successful response that, in turn, evokes a further and different challenge. We have not found any intrinsic reason why this process should not repeat itself indefinitely…’
Arnold Joseph Toynbee, A Study of History (1934–61)
We see cycles in the four seasons, in gravitational orbits of the solar system, in ocean tides and currents, in long-range shifts of climate, in the growth of populations, in the ages of a person’s life, in menstrual cycles, in the lifecycles of buildings, in the boom and bust of ...