Where, then, are we going?
‘Science, and indeed the whole of civilisation, is a series of incremental advances, each building on what went before.’
Stephen Hawking, On the Shoulders of Giants (2002)
Direction is everything.
The Titanic sank because it didn’t change direction in time to prevent its fatal collision. Science advances in a common direction, as Hawking suggests, through collective accumulation of knowledge of how the world works. And time itself, physics shows, has a definite direction – it points forwards only. Direction is even more important than destination because most of life is spent evolving, that is, journeying without arrival.
But political governance today is not doing a very good job at finding and maintaining the ...