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Coffee in Health and Disease Prevention by Victor R. Preedy

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Chapter 40

Coffee Intake and Pancreatic Cancer Risk

Jeanine M. Genkinger,  and Valerie Gebara     Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, NY, USA

Abstract

As one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world, coffee intake has been hypothesized to be procarcinogenic and anticarcinogenic. Of the more than 30 case–control studies, 14 cohort studies, and four meta-analyses and pooled analyses that have examined the association between coffee intake and pancreatic cancer risk, results have been inconsistent across studies. The confounding effects of smoking most likely contributed to the heterogeneity observed between earlier and later studies. In the more recent studies that accounted for cigarette smoking ...

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