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CoffeeScript Programming with jQuery, Rails, and Node.js by Michael Erasmus

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Preface

JavaScript is a quirky little language that was written by Brendan Eich when he was working at Netscape around 1995. It was the first browser-based scripting language and ran only in Netscape Navigator at the time, but it eventually found its way into most other web browsers. Back then, web pages consisted almost entirely of static markup. JavaScript (initially named LiveScript) emerged around the need to make pages dynamic and to bring the power of a full scripting language to browser developers.

A lot of the design decisions of the language were driven by the need of simplicity and ease of use, although at the time, some were made for pure marketing reasons at Netscape. The name "JavaScript" was chosen to associate it with Java from Sun ...

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