A cross-currency swap (CCS) is an OTC derivative contract in which two parties exchange principal amounts in different currencies at the start of the trade, with the reverse exchange occurring at the close of the trade, and with the exchange of interest payments in different currencies periodically, during a set period of time.
CCS are part of a family of financial products known as currency derivatives.
CCS are also known as ‘foreign currency swaps’, ‘plain vanilla foreign currency swaps’, and ‘back-to-back loans’.
Note: in a cross-currency swap, because the principal amounts are paid in full, the term ‘notional’ (meaning ‘theoretical’) is not applicable, consequently the terms ‘principal’ and ‘principal amount’ are used instead.
CCS are used to ...