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Collective Action 2.0

Book Description

Collective Action 2.0 explores the issues related to information and communication technologies (ICTs) in detail, providing a balanced insight into how ICTs leverage and interact with collective action, which will have an impact on the current discourse. Recent events in different authoritarian regimes, such as Iran and Egypt, have drawn global attention to a developing phenomenon in collective action: People tend to organize through different social media platforms for political protest and resistance. This phenomenon describes a change in social structure and behavior tied to ICT. Social media platforms have been used to leverage collective action, which has in some cases arguably lead, to political revolution. The phenomenon also indicates that the way information is organized affects the organization of social structures with which it interoperates. The phenomenon also has another side, which is the use of social media for activist suppression, state and corporate surveillance, commodifi cation of social processes, demobilization, or for the mobilization of collective action toward undesirable ends.

  • Analyzes social media and collective action in an in-depth and balanced manner
  • Presents an account of avoiding technological determinism, utopianism, and fundamentalism
  • Considers the underlying theory behind quick-paced social media
  • Takes an interdisciplinary approach that will resonate with all those interested in social media and collective action, regardless of fi eld specialism

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Series Page
  5. Copyright
  6. Dedication
  7. Biography
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1. #1Mai_Nazifrei
    2. 1.2. Hype Cycle and the Need for a Theoretical Framework
    3. 1.3. Reciprocal Relation Between Information and Communication Technology and Collective Action
    4. 1.4. Book Outline
  10. Part 1. Theoretical Framework
    1. Chapter 2. What Is Social Media: A Critical View
      1. 2.1. Social Media as Information and Communication Technology
      2. 2.2. Social Media as Institutions
      3. 2.3. Social Media as Media
      4. 2.4. Beware of Social Media Determinism
    2. Chapter 3. Tehran, Tunis, Tahrir: Social Media and the Formation of Collective Action
      1. 3.1. From an Individual Agent to an Active Collective
      2. 3.2. A “Facebook Revolution” Is Just Another Revolution: Social Media and the Formation of a Collective in the Arab Spring
      3. 3.3. Conclusions
    3. Chapter 4. Cottage, Tents, and Chocolate Pudding: The Cultural Context of the Israeli Social Justice Protests
      1. 4.1. Setting up the First Tent
      2. 4.2. Chronology of the 2010s Israeli Social Justice Protests
      3. 4.3. Cultural Context of Social Movements
      4. 4.4. Social Media and the Cultural Context of Social Justice Protests in Israel
      5. 4.5. A Code of Israeliness? Conclusions
    4. Chapter 5. The Social Network: The Relevance of Weak and Strong Ties for Mobilization Over Social Media
      1. 5.1. What Are Social Networks?
      2. 5.2. Social Media and Social Networks
      3. 5.3. Social Networks, Interpersonal Ties, and Mobilization Over Social Media
      4. 5.4. A Leaderless Network?
    5. Chapter 6. Berlin Helps: Resource Mobilization and Social Media Deployment in Berlin’s Refugee Aid Movement
      1. 6.1. One Hot Summer Day at #LaGeSo
      2. 6.2. Resource Mobilization Theory
      3. 6.3. Social Media and Resource Mobilization
      4. 6.4. Conclusions
  11. Part 2. Discussion
    1. Chapter 7. Between Actions and Algorithms: How Social Media Facilitate and Enable Collective Action
      1. 7.1. Between Flickr and the Google Index
      2. 7.2. Between Actions and Algorithms
      3. 7.3. Conclusions
    2. Chapter 8. Alternative or Mainstream: The Interplay Between Social Media and Mass Media
      1. 8.1. The Many Facets of Newsworthiness
      2. 8.2. Social Media—Alternative Media?
      3. 8.3. Conclusions
    3. Chapter 9. Big Brother Is Watching You: Collective Action and Surveillance in Social Media
      1. 9.1. Stasi 2.0: State Surveillance and the Deployment of Social Media for Collective Action in Authoritarian Context
      2. 9.2. Living in the Post-Snowden Era: State Surveillance and the Deployment of Social Media for Collective Action in Democratic Context
      3. 9.3. Aiding the Enemy: Corporate Surveillance and Economic Interests on Social Media
      4. 9.4. Living in the Postpanopticon Era? Conclusions
    4. Chapter 10. Sharing Is Caring? Social Media and Demobilization
      1. 10.1. A Long Tail of Slacktivism
      2. 10.2. Demobilization and the Structural Elements of Social Media
      3. 10.3. Sharing Is Caring? Conclusions
    5. Chapter 11. The Right Tool in the Wrong Hands: Neutrality, Values, and Biases of Social Media Deployment
      1. 11.1. The Wrong Hands? Negative Causes, Framing, and Social Media
      2. 11.2. The Right Tool? Values and Biases in Social Media
      3. 11.3. There Is No Right Life in the Wrong One? Conclusions
  12. Part 3. Epilogue
    1. Chapter 12. On the Verge of the Plateau: Epilogue
  13. Index