Appendix 3ICT and Telecommunications: Sustainable Development
A joint study carried out in 2009 by IDATE and the BCG depicted the electronic consumption of the ICT industry in France and its impact on the sustainable development of the French economy. The following two main conclusions can be drawn:
- 1) The spread of ICT, if accompanied by judicious observance of good practices in the rest of the economy and society, can directly contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 7% between now and 2020, representing one-third of the French target according to current protocols.
- 2) The ICT sector’s consumption in 2008 was 7.3% of French electrical consumption, or 35.3 TWh/year, and has increased more slowly than usage: 19% over 3 years against a 40% increase in the amount of user equipment and an explosion in usage. The telecommunications sector accounts for 6.7 TWh/year in this instance. Besides increasing usage, the sector’s consumption of electricity has fallen by 30%. Despite the pursuit of growth in the amount of active equipment and the huge increase in their use, the voluntary moves toward energy efficiency taken by industry and public authorities could cause a reduction in the ICT sector’s electricity consumption of 34.3 TWh/year by 2012 and 33.9 TWh/year by 2020. For their part, telecommunications leveled off at 8.5 TWh/year in 2012 in order to decrease to 7.6 TWh/year in 2020, once all equipment and terminals have been completely renewed.
The combined actions of industry ...