Johann Sebastian Bach

1685–1750, GERMAN

Hailed by many as the greatest Baroque composer, Bach created music ranging from oratorios to intimate keyboard pieces. His composition combines mathematical complexity with profound humanity.

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH, 1746This portrait by the German artist Elias Gottlob Haussmann depicts Bach at the age of around 60, holding his famous six-voice puzzle canon.

ON TECHNIQUE

Lutheran church music

Music was an integral element of Lutheran church services. By the 18th century, the singing of chorales (hymns) by the congregation was accompanied and harmonized by an organist, ...

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