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Composing Music with Computers by Eduardo Miranda

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Appendix 3: Formant chart

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Figure Appendix 3 Formant values for five vowels /a/ (as in the word ‘car’ in English), /e/ (as in the word ‘bed’), /i/ (as in the word ‘it’), /o/ (as in the word ‘hot’) and /u/ (as in the word ‘rule’) produced by a male and a female voice.

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