CHAPTER 12
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Reciprocating Compressors: Background and Overview
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Introduction
Reciprocating compressors are flexible, efficient, have a wide range of applications, and can generate high heads or discharge pressures independent of gas density. They are the most common type of compressors. Worldwide, the total installed horsepower of reciprocating compressors is about 2½ times that of centrifugal compressors.
The history of the reciprocating compressor dates back to antiquity when bellows, wooden cylinders, and pistons were used to produce air blasts. ...

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