Hostname

The most common form of name resolution is that hostname resolution that comprises of a database of hostnames to IP addresses called DNS that uses a flat file called the hosts file:

  • Domain Name System (DNS): A hierarchical naming system that takes a hostname and resolves it to an IP address. Just think what it would be like if you wanted to go to a website and you had to remember an IP address—you would have a list on your computer of the names and IP address, as we don't remember number as easily as we remember names. If I want to go to the Microsoft website, I know that I need to enter www.microsoft.com in my web browser and it will take me there. If I have a user called Ian in a domain called ianneil501.com, the hostname portion ...

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