Chapter 14: Multivariate Statistical Process Control
In the past several decades, tremendous advancements have been made in automatic process control (APC), which is also called engineering process control (EPC). Although the applications of APC reduce a large part of short-term variations in industrial processes, it is still necessary to detect the abnormal operating conditions and to diagnose the corresponding causes so as to improve the process performance in a long term. Industrial statistics show that even though major catastrophes and disasters are infrequent, minor accidents are very common, resulting in many occupational injuries, and illnesses, and leading to large economic losses every day.1 Therefore, process monitoring and fault diagnosis are essential for ensuring process safety and product quality consistency.
14.1 Statistical Process Control
In process monitoring, a model describing nominal operating conditions based on which an in-control region (normal operating region) can be defined is usually required. Comparing the real status of a process with the model, process abnormalities can be detected as a significant departure from the in-control region. Generally, a process can be modeled based on first principle, expert knowledge, or historical ...