Image filtering

In this starting section, you will learn about different linear and non-linear image filtering methods available in OpenCV. It's important to note that all of the functions discussed in this section take a Mat image as an input and produce a Mat image of the same size and the same number of channels. In fact, the filters are applied to each channel independently. In general, filtering methods take a pixel and its neighboring pixels from the input image and calculate the value of the corresponding pixel in the resulting image based on a function response from those pixels.

This usually requires an assumption to be made about the pixels that do not exist, while calculating the filtered pixel result. OpenCV provides a number ...

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